Tech Check Digest - August 20, 2021

On this week's Tech Check, both new players and old continue with the battle for online governance:

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A new peak body representing the Australian tech sector is launched. (via InnovationAus). The Tech Council of Australia represents local technology companies and joins the technology policy and advocacy landscape. Led by Tesla Chair Robyn Denholm its members include Atlassian, Canva and Afterpay. While local tech voices are welcome the Council is likely to advocate for deregulation and market-driven initiatives, in an environment where the lack of tech regulation has already caused significant issues.

The ACCC considers regulating Google and Apple to boost app store competition. (via Guardian). ACCC Chair Rod Sims argues that "upfront rules and regulations" may be required to force the tech giants to open up their app stores to stronger competition. A report released as part of the inquiry revealed that Google and Apple faced very little competition, and that their current control was stifling competition.

Australia's eSafety Commissioner begins consultation process on potential age verification system. (via eSafety). The consultation will inform a roadmap due to be presented to the Government in 2022 and will align with updates to Australia’s restricted access system (RAS) declaration, which has been helping to protect Australian children from exposure to inappropriate content since 2007.

WATCH:

The documentary that mainstreamed social media issues of the day "Social Dilemma" will be available free on Youtube until September 30. Catch it while you can, and try not to get radicalised within Youtube in the process...

LISTEN:

An interview with one of the leading voices in today's tech policy debate Roger McNamee. (via Tech Policy Press) Listen to Roger's take on today's current tech landscape and how to hold tech accountable.

EVENTS:

The 2021 NetThing conference hosted by the Australian Internet Governance Forum will be held online on November. This year's themes are Health, Education, Trust and Inclusion. More details on their website.


Tech Check Digest - August 6, 2021

We've checked this week's most interesting articles, events and watchables in the world of tech! On this digest, acquisitions, artificial intelligence and venture capitalists are on the agenda:

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One of Australia's most popular fintech companies Afterpay to be bought by Square (owned by Jack Dorsey of Twitter fame) via Guardian. In one of the biggest tech acquisitions in Australia, Square will acquire buy-now-pay-later company Afterpay for A$39 billion. Many tech industry contemporaries have applauded the transaction, demonstrating that homegrown startups can compete with Silicon Valley's best, while others have criticised the move as another entrenching of foreign-owned multinationals dominating the tech scene. 

AI can now be recognised as an inventor after historic Australian court decision via ABC News. Setting a groundbreaking precedent, an Australian court has decided that AI systems can be legally recognised as an inventor in patent applications. This raises implications for the agency and rights of AI vs. the humans that created them, and adds to the complexity of the already scantily regulated and ethically complicated world of machine learning and AI development. 

Almost none of the world's largest venture capitalist (VC) firms have adequate human rights policies in place (via Amnesty International). In the first comprehensive look at the human rights responsibilities of VCs, a new report by Amnesty found that only one firm of the 50 surveyed had human rights due diligence processes in place. This is significant given the decisive role that VCs have in shaping and investing in technological products and the future of technology.

WATCH:

Kate Crawford: Atlas of AI discussion (via University of Sydney). Dr. Kate Crawford, one of the world's foremost scholars on the social and political implications of artificial intelligence discusses her latest book and its findings.

LISTEN:

How does AI work? (via ABC Radio National Nightlife). Genevieve Bell (Director of the School of Cybernetics and 3A Institute at ANU) joins Nightlife hosts Philip Clark to discuss AI and what it holds for us. 

EVENTS:

Partnering with robots - how to reframe the coming robot revolution (via UNSW Centre for Ideas). Kate Darling, MIT Media Lab's resident expert in robot ethics joins AI professor Toby Walsh to unpack some of the biggest questions about our robot-filled future. 


Tech Talk - what is the metaverse?

On this Tech Talk we look at weaponising location data, the sinister Project Pegasus and unpack the mystery of the metaverse:

 

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Tech Check Digest - July 23, 2021

Tech Check collates the most interesting articles, podcasts and webinars in the world of tech, so you don't have to. In this edition:

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Someone finally used location data to track and publicly harrass a person, and there are implications for the inevitable weaponisation of app data (via Vice). For years tech companies defended the collection of location data because "it's anonymised and unidentified". But now that's been proven wrong, as a Substack publication used location data tied to a Grindr account to trace the movements of a priest, and then outed him publicly without his consent. This highlights the urgent need for more data protections and purpose limitations on data collection.

Australia joins international partners in attribution of malicious cyber activity to China (via Office of the Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs and Minister for Women). Australia joined 30 nations including the United States and Japan in calling out China's Ministry of State Security for hacking Microsoft Exchange software. Australia has reminded China on its G20 commitments of refraining from cyber-enabled theft of intellectual property, trade secrets and confidential information. 

Outgoing Human Rights Commissioner Ed Santow will lead a new 'responsible technology' initiative within the University of Technology, Sydney (via InnovationAus). Santow, who we spoke to last month to help launch his report 'Human Rights and Technology', will build on his work with AI and spearhead the initiative to develop Australia's strategic capabilities in AI and other emerging technology.

WATCH:

Head of WhatsApp speaks to ASPI for a webinar on safety, security and privacy (via ASPI). It's rare for the head of WhatsApp to speak directly to the public. Given recent consumer backlashes over its privacy policies and numerous scams which continue to be active, this appears to be part of a deliberate effort to build more trust with consumers. 

An investigation inside TikTok's highly secretive algorithm (via WSJ). A Wall Street Journal special investigation reveals that TikTok needs only one piece of information to figure out what you want to see most, as every hover, hesitation or rewatch inside the app is tracked to figure out your behaviour.

LISTEN:

Labor presses for national ransomware strategy, mandatory reporting of ransom payments via ABC Radio. Labor says that the government needs a national ransomware strategy if it's serious about protecting Australia against cyber attacks, including the recent Chinese hack using Microsoft. Labor cyber spokesman Tim Watts says ransomware attacks cost Australia $1 billion a year. 


It’s time to bring tech billionaires back down to earth

"On July 20, Jeff Bezos is going to space. Bezos’s space venture Blue Origin has chosen the 52nd anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing to mark his historic space initiative. He’ll be joined by his brother, the teenage son of a Dutch private equity firm boss, and aerospace pioneer Wally Funk.

The venture marks the beginning of a new space tourism race between other tech billionaires that have space-faring ambitions — including maverick entrepreneur Elon Musk and Sir Richard Branson. In fact, Branson beat Bezos to the punch, launching a successful space flight through Virgin Galactic earlier this week.

While many of us battle through the COVID-19 pandemic — some are struggling with mental health issues during lockdown, others fear falling sick due to the unavailability of vaccines, and still others worry over the number of businesses that are collapsing around us — these audacious tech CEOs treat space like their private playground where they can galivant and leave their ailing planet behind."

Read the full article on the ABC here.


Why did English football fans fill social media with racial slurs? Because it’s good for business

Peter Lewis reflects on why fans took to social media to hurl racial abuse on English football players who missed key penalty shots for the Euro 2020 final:

"If I were to stand on the hill at my local football ground and hurl racist abuse at players after they missed a vital goal there would rightly be real-world consequences.

If a fellow fan or player reported me, I would be ejected from the ground and given a long-term ban on my membership. I would be banished from my flock.

If the player I had verbally attacked chose to lodge a complaint, I could be subject to a racial vilification complaint to the Australian Humans Rights Commission. In NSW I would also be liable to criminal prosecution for a hate crime if it were deemed to be inciting violence.

But these measures would be likely unnecessary because the idea of shouting out such obscenity is so far outside the social norms of modern society that I would be unlikely to even consider this as a response to my disappointment.

The reason that thousands of shattered English soccer fans felt entitled to take to social media with racist slurs against their own players this week was that on social media this sort of emotion-fuelled discourse is the norm."

Read the full article on the Sydney Morning Herald here.


Tech Check Digest - July 8, 2021

The fast-paced world of technology is constantly developing, and there are so many interesting things happening in technology news, policy and events. 

So we've decided to regularly curate a list of the most interesting articles, links and media for your pleasure.

Explore our first Tech Check Digest below, and let us know if you come across anything great that we may have missed!

READ:

Rod Sims on the pivotal Digital Platforms Inquiry, two years on, and how it will continue to shape the digital landscape for the next few years (via InnovationAus)

Former US President Trump files suit against Facebook, Twitter and YouTube, claiming he had been wrongfully censored (via AP)

Twitter no longer has liability protection over user-generated content in India (via Reuters)

WATCH:

‘Digital feudalism: The future of data capitalism’. A conversation between Shoshana Zuboff, (author of The Age of Surveillance Capitalism), Tim O’Reilly (Founder & CEO of O’Reilly Media) and Mariana Mazzucato (Founding Director of the UCL Institute for Innovation & Public Purpose)

LISTEN:

‘AI And Humans: Collaboration Rather Than Domination’, interview with Jeannie Paterson, Professor of Law and Co-director of the Centre for AI and Digital Ethics at the Melbourne Law School, via University of Melbourne

EVENTS:

Facial Recognition webinar featuring Human Rights Commissioner, Ed Santow and Digital Rights Watch chair, Lizzie O’Shea, hosted by Monash University


The Australian Search Experience Project

Centre for Responsible Technology Associate, Professor Axel Bruns is leading a project through the ARC Centre of Excellence for Automated Decision-Making and Society that is investigating whether our search results are customised based on the different profiles Google has defined.

The project, called The Australian Search Experience is a crowdsourcing initiative that asks Australians to lend their search engine activity to this pivotal study.

Learn more here


On public health and the digital platforms

Moves this week by the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) to stymie Clive Palmer’s latest foray into political advertising highlight the different rules that apply between the traditional media and the new social media platforms.

Whereas the TGA has warned that Palmer and the regional radio station running his anti-vax ads breach their responsibilities as advertisers and broadcasters, in the online environment, it’s up to platforms to make their own call.

On Facebook and other social networks, this sort of disinformation is circulating in groups and targeted networks, far away from the gaze of health professionals.

When dangerous misinformation does come to attention, platforms can be prompted to act – Facebook to its credit has taken down content from MP Craig Kelly. But such actions remain at the discretion of the platform.

Free of enforceable rules and driven by a business model that preferences content that excites and enrages users so as to keep them producing behavioural data for longer, these digital platforms have become their own public health problem.

Efforts to mitigate disinformation have been minimalist. In Australia and abroad the preference for voluntary industry codes and protocols set down feel-good statements of intent without sheeting home legal responsibility.

Read the full article by Peter Lewis and Jordan Guiao on Croakey News here.


Ed Santow discusses landmark AI report with Centre for Responsible Technology

Human Rights Commissioner Ed Santow joins Australia Institute's Centre for Responsible Technology director Peter Lewis and Digital Rights Watch chair Lizzie O'Shea for this important discussion into the rules for the future, presented by the Public Square project.



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